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The EU Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings came into effect progressively from 2007 and is an important part of government strategies for tackling climate change. The principle underlyi...
Key points:
• an EPC is required whenever a building1 is sold, constructed or rented out • the EPC shows the energy efficiency rating (relating to running costs) of a dwelling. The rating is shown on an A–G rat...
Buyers and tenants
From 9 January 2013 all sales or lettings advertisements in the commercial media3 should show the EPC rating of the property being advertised. There is no requirement to display the full certificate...
EPC requirements
Requirement to provide an EPC when building, selling or renting out a dwelling An EPC is required whenever a building is built, sold, or let to a new tenant. This requirement was introduced in stage...
Situations where an EPC is not required
EPCs are not required on sale or rent for buildings due to be demolished, provided the seller or landlord can demonstrate that: • the building is to be sold or rented out with vacant possession • t...
Validity period and production of EPCs
Validity period If an EPC has already been produced for a property, this EPC can be re-used for future sales or rental of the property. EPCs are valid for 10 years from the date of their producti...
Landlords or sellers should bear in mind the most appropriate way of communicating with prospective tenants or buyers. Web links or electronic communications are acceptable, provided that interested...
Lodgement, enforcement and cost
EPC lodgement All EPCs are stored on a national register. The register can be accessed free of charge on Anyone with an EPC can opt-out of having their data made publicly avai...
Additional information for landlords
Lease renewal A landlord is not required to produce an EPC when an existing lease is renewed; they only have to do so when a new tenant takes over the property. Verbal tenancies In the case of v...
Maximising the benefits from the EPC
The level of data already held by landlords is likely to vary considerably, depending on a number of factors: • the individual strategies, priorities and budget: some landlords may have chosen to c...
Surveying tenanted dwellings
Landlords planning to produce EPCs for homes that are occupied may need to consider whether access gathering the data could be a problem. Some issues to consider: • the rights and limitations in th...
Generating EPCs for similar dwellings
For detailed guidance on the cost effective production of EPCs for similar dwellings please see guidance
Determining the type of EPC required
Dwellings in multiple occupation An EPC is only required for a habitable unit if it is self contained. Where individual rooms in a building are rented out and there are shared facilities (e.g. ki...
When did the obligations to provide EPCs for rented dwellings come into force?
1 October 2008.
When did the obligations to provide EPCs for the sale of dwellings come into force?
For the marketed sale of dwellings this requirement started on 1 August 2007. For other types of sale, such as non-marketed sales, this requirement started on 1 October 2008.
When did the obligations for newly constructed dwellings come into force?
6 April 2008.
How long is an EPC valid for?
10 years.
Where does the 10 year validity period come from?
The requirement for an EPC is driven by the European Union legislation, which includes a provision that the validity period of EPCs should not exceed 10 years.
Where can I find an energy assessor?
Details of accredited energy assessors can be found on
Can a landlord charge a tenant for the provision of an EPC?
No. It is not permitted for the landlord to charge for the provision of the original EPC. However it is permissible for a tenant who has already received the EPC to be charged for the provision of a...
How do I decide whether to keep the work in-house or use an external contractor?
This is a decision for individuals. A key factor to consider when choosing between in-house and external DEAs will be the number of dwellings that require EPCs and the expected frequency of turnover...
Is it possible to amend and update an EPC without the need to commission a new assessment? A new EPC may be wanted for example if a replacement boiler is fitted.
An EPC cannot be amended or updated. If you want to capture the benefits of any energy efficiency measure that you have installed, you will need to commission a new EPC, for which a new survey will ...
Is it always the building owner who is responsible for producing the EPC? What if the building owner has no direct relationship with the tenants?
Where a tenant sub-lets a dwelling, the responsibility to make an EPC available lies with the sub-leaseholder.
Who has access to the EPCs on the domestic register?
Data held on the domestic register is publicly available. It is possible to search for an EPC on the register by entering either the certificate’s unique reference number (RRN), or the property’s po...
Are asset management databases available that can hold property specific reduced data standard assessment procedure (RdSAP) input data and the central register reference number in addition to the other asset details?
These are being developed by the market in response to a recognised need.
Is it possible to advertise a property before the EPC has been produced?
There is nothing to prevent a dwelling being advertised for sale or rent before the EPC is available. However, the landlord/seller will be expected to have made contact with a domestic energy assess...
If an EPC is being produced when the dwelling is empty, what impact will occupying tenants or owners have on the accuracy of the energy and environmental ratings when they move in?
The occupier will have no impact on the EPC ratings, as these are produced using standardised occupancy data (i.e. number of occupants and hours of heating per day).
What if the tenant wants to buy the dwelling they already occupy? Can I use the same EPC as I used when they took the tenancy?
If the tenant wants to purchase the dwelling they rent, the same EPC can be used.
Is an EPC needed if tenants are moving via a mutual exchange?
Whether advertised for exchange via a choice based lettings system or not an EPC will be required.
Is an EPC needed for shared ownership dwellings?
The first equity purchase of the dwelling creates a trigger for an EPC to be produced. The purchase of subsequent equity does not create a need for a further EPC.
What happens in the case of stock transfer? Can we have one EPC for a whole block in that case?
For a stock transfer an EPC is required for each dwelling. However, it may be possible to employ techniques which will reduce the number of dwellings that need to be assessed. Separate guidance is a...
What happens if I need to get an EPC to advertise the property, but I am going to improve before the new tenant moves in/ the sale is completed?
Either explain to the tenant or buyer that improvement works were carried out since commissioning the EPC and so the dwelling’s energy efficiency rating may now have changed. It may be beneficial to...
Will I have to issue an EPC if I have a lodger in my house?
A letting of a room within your house does not constitute a rental of a building or part of a building - so a separate EPC for that room is not required.
Will I need to show an EPC to prospective residents of, for example, a care home or a boarding school?
These examples do not constitute a rental of a building or a part of a building. Therefore, an EPC is not required.
Is an EPC required under a long term regulated tenancy where a tenant dies and a partner, member of their family or other individual is able to succeed to the tenancy under the Rent Act 1977?
Under such circumstances an EPC is not required.
Will an EPC be needed for holiday accommodation?
An EPC will be required for a property rented out as a holiday let where the building is occupied as a result of a short term letting arrangement and is rented out for a combined total of four month...
Do static caravans or houseboats require an EPC?
No – static caravans and houseboats do not require an EPC because they are not buildings.
The relevant person:
this is the person who must commission and make available the EPC. For sales, it is the seller of the building, and for rentals it is the prospective landlord. In the case of sub-letting, the lessee...
A prospective tenant
is a person who: a) requests any information about the building from the relevant person or his agent for the purposes of deciding whether to rent the dwelling b) makes a request to view the dwelli...
Make available:
the EPC must be ‘made available’ in copy form to prospective tenants at the earliest opportunity, and at the latest, before entering into a contract. When the letting is finalised, the EPC must be g...
A dwelling:
this is defined in the regulations as ‘a building or part of a building occupied or intended to be occupied as a separate dwelling’. The definition of a dwelling in certain scenarios is important fo...
this means accommodation provided for rent normally under a tenancy agreement. EPCs are always triggered by the intention to have a new tenant coming in to the property with a new tenancy agreement ...


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